Gender Poverty And HIV And AIDS

Adada Mary


The impact of gender on HIV/AIDS is an important dimension in understanding the evolution of the epidemic. Gender inequality and discrimination against women has affected the course of the HIV epidemic.HIV/AIDS is the major threat to development, economic growth and poverty alleviation. The paper explores how poverty increases the spread of HIV and AIDS. It is important look beyond monetary poverty to understand these relationships. This paper outlines the biological, social and cultural determinants that put women and adolescent girls at greater risk of HIV infection than men. Violence against women or the threat of violence often increases women's vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. An analysis of the impact of gender on HIV/AIDS demonstrates the importance of integrating gender into HIV programming and finding ways to strengthen women by implementing policies and programs that increase their access to education and information. Women's empowerment is vital to reversing the epidemic.

Full Text:



Adeyi O. et al. AIDS, poverty reduction and debt relief. A toolkit for mainstreaming HIV/AIDS programmes into development instruments. Geneva, UNAIDS, 2001.

Doyal L, (2001), ‘Sex, Gender, and Health: Need for a New Approach’, in British Medical Journal Vol 322: pp. 685-686

IFAD. 2001. Rural Poverty Report 2001: The Challenge of Ending Rural Poverty. Oxford University Press. February

Oxfam GB (1998), ‘Access to basic health and education research in Uganda’, unpublished policy paper

Sidley P, (2000), AIDS is largest cause of maternal deaths in South Africa British Medical Journal Vol 321: pp. 1434

Gregson S, at.elAnderson R (2002), ‘Sexual mixing patterns and six differentials in teenage exporter to HIV infection in rural Zimbabwe’, The Lancet, Vol 359: pp. 1896-1903.

Jewkes R (1999), ‘The impact of violence against women on sexual and reproductive health’., accessed on 26 July 2001

Rachel Jewkes (2002), `Intimate partner violence: causes and prevention’, The Lancet Vol 359 pp 1423-29

Kuo N, Lindsay T, Rai P, Reddy P (2002, ‘Evaluating information, education and communication approaches and reviewing knowledge, attitudes and believes to AIDS’ Joint LSE and Oxfam project. Forthcoming on Oxfam website:

Watts C and Zimmerman C, (2002) ‘Violence against women: global scope and magnitude’, in The Lancet Vol. 359, pp. 1232-37

WHO (2000),, accessed on 10/09/02

United Nations (2002) UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Integrated Regional Information Network (IRIN). Ethiopia: Focus on AIDS and the elderly. 23rd January 2002


  • There are currently no refbacks.