Open Journal Systems

Interventions recommended to combat a stigma of mental health problems to access mental health care services in Saudi Arabia

Seham. Mansour. Alyousef

crossmark logo side by side horizontal

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15520/ijmhs.2017.vol7.iss4.168.

Abstract


The primary purpose of this study is to develop recommendations for improving mental health services in Saudi Arabia by identifying the important keys in promoting to reduce stigmatization and improve awareness of mental health problems among people with mental health problems and facilitate the use of mental health services.This research ‘Phenomenological’ approach. A methodological strategy was devised, via the use of a qualitative approach applied and data was collected from one focus group discussion at University hospital in Riyadh city, S.A., including a total of five health care professionals, in mental health  professions. A one-hour focus group discussion was the method of data collection. Data was analysed using Nvivi.10 thematic content analysis. Semi structured interviews were completed with nurses in mental health-care professionals. Content analysis identified major themes. Data analysis identified five main themes that the findings taken from the feedback of participants regarding their thoughts on how to combat a mental health problems stigma to access to mental health care and how mental health care is delivered to them. They were:  is consistent with the theme of (a) Community (b) Education (c) Media (d) Mental health care services, and (e) government support.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Alonso, J., Buron, A., Rojas-Farreras, S., De Graaf, R., Haro, J. M., De Girolamo, G., ... & ESEMeD/MHEDEA 2000 Investigators. (2009). Perceived stigma among individuals with common mental disorders. Journal of affective disorders, 118(1), 180-186.

Al-Shahri, M. Z. (2002). Culturally sensitive caring for Saudi patients. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 13(2), 133-138. ‏‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Alsughayir, M. A. (1996). A Study in Saudi Society. Arab journal of psychiatry, 7(2), 152-160. ‏‬

Al-Yousuf, M., Akerele, T. M., & Al-Mazrou, Y. Y. (2002). Organization of the Saudi health system. East Mediterr Health J. 8 (5), 645-653.

Angermeyer, M. C., & Matschinger, H. (2005). Causal beliefs and attitudes to people with schizophrenia. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 186(4), 331-334. ‏‬

Boraska, V., Franklin, C. S., Floyd, J. A., Thornton, L. M., Huckins, L. M., Southam, L., ... & Lewis, C. M. (2014). A genome-wide association study of anorexia nervosa. Molecular psychiatry, 19(10), 1085-1094.

Chou, K. L., Mak, K. Y., Chung, P. K., Chan, D., & Ho, K. (1996). Attitudes towards mental patients in Hong Kong. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 42(3), 213-219.

Corrigan, P. W., & Rao, D. (2012). On the self-stigma of mental illness: Stages, disclosure, and strategies for change. Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie, 57(8), 464. ‏‬

Corrigan, P. W., & Miller, F. E. (2004). Shame, blame, and contamination: A review of the impact of mental illness stigma on family members. Journal of Mental Health, 13(6), 537-548. ‏‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Corrigan, P. W., Watson, A. C., & Miller, F. E. (2006). Blame, shame, and contamination: the impact of mental illness and drug dependence stigma on family members. Journal of Family Psychology, 20(2), 239. ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Coverdale, J., Nairn, R., & Claasen, D. (2002). Depictions of mental illness in print media: A prospective national sample. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 36(5), 697-700. ‏‬

Dinos, S., Stevens, S., Serfaty, M., Weich, S., & King, M. (2004). Stigma: the feelings and experiences of 46 people with mental illness. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 184(2), 176-181.‏‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Farooqi, Y. N. (2006). Traditional healing practices sought by Muslim psychiatric patients in Lahore, Pakistan. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 53(4), 401-415.‏‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Goffman, E. (1963). Behavior in public places: Notes on the social organization of gatherings (p. 248). New York: Free Press.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Hogg, C., & Holland, K. (2010). Cultural awareness in nursing and health care: an introductory text. London: Hodder Arnold.

Gostin, L. O., & Gable, L. (2004). The human rights of persons with mental disabilities: a global perspective on the application of human rights principles to mental health. Maryland Law Review, 63(20), 08-31.‏‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Kadri, N., Manoudi, F., Berrada, S., & Moussaoui, D. (2004). Stigma impact on Moroccan families of patients with schizophrenia. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 49(9), 625.‏‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Kirmayer, L., Simpson, C., & Cargo, M. (2003). Healing traditions: Culture, community and mental health promotion with Canadian Aboriginal peoples. Australasian Psychiatry, 11(sup1), S15-S23.‏‬

Lee, S., Lee, M. T., Chiu, M. Y., & Kleinman, A. (2005). Experience of social stigma by people with schizophrenia in Hong Kong. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 186(2), 153-157.‏‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Leff, J., & Warner, R. (2006). Social inclusion of people with mental illness. Cambridge University Press.‏‬

Link, B. G., Yang, L. H., Phelan, J. C., & Collins, P. Y. (2004). Measuring mental illness stigma. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 30(3), 511-541.‏‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Littlewood, J., & Yousuf, S. (2000). Primary health care in Saudi Arabia: Applying global aspects of health for all, locally. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 32(3), 675-681.‏‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Mobaraki, A. E. H., & Soderfeldt, B. (2010). Gender inequity in Saudi Arabia and its role in public health/L'inégalité entre hommes et femmes en Arabie saoudite et ses conséquences sur la santé publique. Eastern Mediterranean health journal, 16(1), 113.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Pinfold, V., Byrne, P., & Toulmin, H. (2005). Challenging stigma and discrimination in communities: a focus group study identifying UK mental health service users’ main campaign priorities. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 51(2), 128-138.

Pinto, M. D., Hickman, R., Logsdon, M. C., & Burant, C. (2012). Psychometric evaluation of the revised attribution questionnaire (r-AQ) to measure mental illness stigma in adolescents. Journal of nursing measurement, 20(1), 47.‏

Pridmore, S., & Pasha, M. I. (2004). Psychiatry and Islam. Australasian Psychiatry, 12(4), 380-385.‏‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Qureshi, N. A. (2010). Triage systems: a review of the literature with reference to Saudi Arabia/Systèmes de triage: revue de la littérature et référence à l'Arabie saoudite. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 16(6), 690.‏‬

Qureshi, N. A., Al-Habeeb, A. A., & Koenig, H. G. (2013). Mental health system in Saudi Arabia: an overview. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat, 9, 1121-35.‏‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Salter, M., & Byrne, P. (2000). The stigma of mental illness: how you can use the media to reduce it. The Psychiatrist, 24(8), 281-283.

Schomerus, G., Lucht, M., Holzinger, A., Matschinger, H., Carta, M. G., & Angermeyer, M. C. (2011). The stigma of alcohol dependence compared with other mental disorders: a review of population studies. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 46(2), 105-112.‏‬

Tamim, H., Hejaili, F., Jamal, A., al Shamsi, H., & Al Sayyari, A. (2010). Professional boundary ethics attitudes and awareness among nurses and physicians in a university hospital in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Ethics & Behavior, 20(1), 21-32.‏‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.