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A study on risk factor profile of Hypertension and Diabetes among industrial workers of South India

Pravin N Yerpude Keerti S Jogdand

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Introduction: In India, 53% of all the deaths and 44% of all DALYs  are caused by non communicable diseases (NCDs) especially cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), cancer and type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Major causes for the increase in cases of non communicable diseases are dyslipidaemia, overweight, obesity, physical inactivity and tobacco use.    Recently, in industrial populations in various parts of India, there are reports of high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among them. Therefore the present study was conducted with the objective of identifying the risk factors of Hypertension and Diabetes among industrial workers of South India

Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was undertaken between March 2010 and October 2010 in one of the industries with permanent employee strength of 168. All of them were included for the study. Ethical clearance was obtained from the Institutional Human Ethics Committee. Informed consent was obtained from the study subjects. The study comprised of Questionnaire capturing information on age, socio economic status and nature of work, details on risk factors like tobacco use, physical activity, family history of hypertension, diabetes.

Results: The study population consisted of 151 (89.88%) males. Majority (73%) were educated up to higher secondary/ high school and 118 (79%) were employed in nonprofessional capacities. Common risk factors for non communicable diseases in industrial workers were overweight/obese (38.69%), tobacco use (36.31%), increase waist circumference (35.12%). Prevalence of Hypertension and Diabetes in industrial workers was 32.14% and 25.60% respectively. Association of risk factors like  age > 45 yrs ,family history, being overweight /obese and increase waist circumference was found to be statistically significant with Hypertension and Diabetes.

Conclusion: The results could help to motivate industries to initiate lifestyle modifications and health promotion programs for the prevention and control of non communicable diseases and reiterating some of the already known facts that could go in for policy recommendations in the industrial settings.


Risk factor, Hypertension, Diabetes, industrial workers

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