Growth and yield response of tomato (lycopersicon esculentum mill) to application of some organic materials (poultry droppings, moringa leaves, and compost-plus) in makurdi, Nigeria.
studies were conducted in 2010 and 2011 to investigate the growth and yield response of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) application of three organic materials, poultry droppings, moringa leaves, and compost-plus in Makurdi, Southern Guinea Savannah zone of Nigeria. The manure treatments were applied at four levels, 0, 6, 12, and 18t ha-1, replicated three times and laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design. Data collected include plant height (cm), and number of leaves at 2, 4, 6, and 8, and 10 weeks after transplanting (WAT). Above ground biomass dry matter yield and total fruit yield per treatment unit were also collected. The data was analyzed using analysis of variance, whereby means significant in the F-test were separated by F-LSD (at P < 0.05). The results showed that all the manure materials significantly increased the yield parameters, above the control values. There was significant response in terms of plant height and number of leaves at 12 and 18t ha-1 when poultry droppings and moringa leaves were applied, moringa at 12t ha-1 gave the highest drymatter and fruit yield. Compost-plus least influenced growth and yield of the tomato plants (P < 0.05). Poultry droppings and Moringa leaves were found capable of improving soil fertility and hence the growth and yield of tomatoes.
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