Academy of Agriculture Journal 2018-02-09T18:41:59+00:00 Open Journal Systems Predetermined potential risk of soil erosion and ways to prevent the danger of these degraded soils in azerbaijan. 2018-02-04T18:14:41+00:00 S.Z. Mammadova RAE Z.H. Aliyev <p>The article examines the studying the degree of erosion under the impact of natural, anthropogenic impact soil mining, and agricultural zones of Azerbaijan and measures against it. The degree of soil erosion of natural grassland can be estimated based on existing dependencies between the grass plants. A prerequisite for development in the Republic, the example here of livestock in at this stage, the protection of mountain meadows, sustainable food, study their requirements for nutrients, especially those of the relevant in mountain areas engaged with a total area of 8840 km<sup>2</sup>, located on the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus, which has considerable potential in the development of sustainable feed production, etc.</p> 2018-02-05T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Analysis of Factors Influencing Fish Marketing and Profitability In Benue State, Nigeria 2018-02-09T16:48:12+00:00 Ali Ocholi, Zacharias Ternenge Nyiataghe <p><em>The study analysed the factors influencing fish marketing and profitability in Benue State, Nigeria. Multi stage random sampling techniques were used to select one hundred and eighty (180) fish traders for the study. Primary data were collected with aid of questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, gross margin and marketing margin, marketing efficiency as well as ordinary least square (OLS) regression. Result showed the dominance of married marketers (77.8%), female marketers (64.4%) with high level of education. The result further showed that N143.01 and N144.25 accrued to wholesalers and retailers as gross margin per kilogram of fish sold, representing 26.51% and 24.26% of the total marketing margins, with marketing efficiencies of 621.54% and 704.99% respectively. This, together with the profitability Index (PI) of 0.23 and 0.21 and operating return (OR) of 0.77 and 0.79 for wholesalers and retailers further lend credence to the profitability of fish marketing in the study area. Among the factors which impacted significantly on fish traders’ profit were marketing experience, access to credit, storage cost, transportation cost, fish buying prices and age of marketers. Also, high transport cost, inadequate storage facilities, poor funding, high levy and other taxes were identified as the major challenges faced by fish marketers in the study area. These observations suggest the need to reduce transport and storage cost by providing access roads, rehabilitating damaged roads, providing storage facilities such as cold rooms and warehouses at affordable storage rates. Access to agricultural marketing loans should be enhanced through the provision of affordable credit. These, together with the evolution of a realistic tariff and tax structure would promote fish marketing and enhance marketing efficiency in the study area.</em></p> 2018-02-09T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## challenge of water shortage in the world and azerbaijan and scientific practical solution 2018-02-09T17:40:09+00:00 aliyev zakir hussein oglu <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>The rapid growth in world population and limitation of soil and water resources have caused major problem for human nutrition security in the world. only 3% of water resources are fresh water.&nbsp; Accoding to the FAO report, if in the&nbsp; any&nbsp; country&nbsp; Amount&nbsp; of&nbsp; fresh&nbsp; water&nbsp; is&nbsp; less&nbsp; than 1700m<sup>3</sup>&nbsp;&nbsp; per capita, this country is faced to serous water shortage. At the present, in the 22 countries share of fresh water per capita is less than 100m<sup>3</sup>and in the 18 countries is more than 2000m<sup>3</sup>. Therefore, Azerbaijan is one of the countries which have faced serous water shortage.</p> 2018-02-09T17:40:09+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## definitions of the degree of the potential erosion danger of the mountain brown soil soils of the quba-khachmas zone of azerbaijan 2018-02-09T18:41:59+00:00 aliyev zakir hussein oglu <p>On plots of fields under crops under crops, the signs on which it is possible to determine the degree of erosion of soils are the inside covering and plant heights. With the enthusiasm of the steepness of the slopes, the possibility of using cultivated crops as indicators of soil erosion decreases. The degree of soil washout period of natural forage lands can be assessed on the basis of the dependence of the existing between the plant stand and the degree of soil erosion. Strongly eroded soil of slope meadows can be recognized by ecological care regimes of habitats of vegetation</p> 2018-02-09T18:41:59+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##