The study examined the impact of agro-allied industries on standard of living of rural dwellers in Benue State, Nigeria. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select the respondents for study. Primary data were collected through the use of structured questionnaires administered on 366 respondents from the selected communities in the study area. The data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Respondents who lived in areas where agro-allied industries were present had more personal means of transportation (motor cycle 32.6%, accessed private hospitals (34.3%) and used boreholes as a source of portable water (12.4%) than respondents in areas there were no agro-allied industries. The major challenges posed on rural dwellers by agro-allied industries as indicated by factor analysis were noise pollution (0.643), air pollution (0.568), loss of rural dwellers land (0.560), crop hazard (0.499) and social ills (0.410). It was recommended that agro allied industries managers should ensure that certain infrastructural facilities such as schools, electricity, hospitals, good roads and potable water are provided for the people who are residing where the industries are situated. Government should mandate all private and public agro-allied industries to embark on projects that would be in favor of the rural dwellers where the agro-allied industries are situated. To prevent challenges like noise pollution, air pollution, water pollution and hazards to crops, agro-allied industries should be sited very far from residential houses.
The study was to conduct economic analysis of soya beans marketing in Benue State, Nigeria. A sampling frame of 914 registered soya beans marketers was obtained from soybeans marketers association in the study area. A stratified random sampling technique was employed to obtain 278 market actors (producer-marketers, wholesalers and retailers) for the study. Data were collected with the use of a well-structured questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Result from the analysis revealed that majority (77.3 %) of the actors were male with a mean age of 44 years, had market experience of 6-10 years (52.3 %), literate (89.6 %) with a mean household size of 7 persons, and a mean annual income of N192,241.16. The study found a gross margin of N11, 661.15, N12, 714.18 and N13, 566.32 for producer-marketers, retailers and wholesalers respectively. The major problems faced by soya beans marketers in the study area include inadequate capital, high transportation cost, lack of access to credit facilities, heavy imposition of taxes or levies and poor storage and warehousing facilities. It was recommended that soya beans marketers in the study area should form cooperative society to have access to loan from both formal and informal sources for better capital base and higher output. In conclusion soya beans marketing are a profitable and efficient business, with attractive net return on investment in the study area.
Although the majority of horticultural crops are mycorrhiza dependent, the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) inoculation in plant production has been neglected in high-input agriculture. The AMF inoculant was able to establish in the rhizosphere of pepper plants and mycorrhizal inoculation increased yield of spice pepper compared with the non-treated control plants. A simple, feasible and effective protocol for application of AMF biotechnology in horticulture was adopted. The current paper reviews the main aspects of the association between arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and plants of sweet pepper. Results indicate that preinoculation of pepper transplants with AM fungi improved nutrient uptake and fruit yield.