Rats and mice are not only a nuisance but can also cause property damage and transmit diseases. You’ll know they’ve arrived if you see rodent droppings near a food source or shredded fabric or paper. If you identify rodents, there are several steps to take to ensure permanent removal of these pests.
Removing rodents with traps or poisons will not keep rodents out of your home in the future. To permanently keep rats and mice out of your home or business, you will need to prevent access by sealing all possible entry points. It is equally important to eliminate rodent attractions such as food and water by keeping food in tightly sealed containers and repairing leaky pipes.
The demonstration was conducted in two districts of Bale zone, Goba and Dinsho to demonstrate and validate the effectiveness of pre emergence (Dual gold) and post emergence (Gallant super) herbicides laid out in simple plot design. Faba bean variety ‘Moti’ was used with recommended seed rate of 180 kg ha-1. 100 kg ha-1NPS fertilizer was applied all at planting. Important yield and yield components, percentage of yield increment and loss, production and benefit cost were collected to see the profitability difference of the herbicides. The grain yield of dual gold was higher than the gallant super and unsprayed and the percent benefit (%NB)) also showed that dual gold and gallant super were beneficial. However, the application of dual gold was superior rewarding treatment. The guidelines on the utilization of the herbicides should be supported by practical training and following the safety and precautions of the manuals prepared with herbicides.
This study is a contribution to the valorization of neem fruit pulp (Azadirachta indica) to produce bioethanol by the alcoholic fermentation. During this study, physical characterization of neem fruit and physicochemical neem pulp performed. Also, the variation of the concoction pH of the fermentation tests was carried out to find the ideal pH for optimal production of bioethanol by the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The results obtained show that the pulp represents about 48% of the total mass of neem fruit. And also reveals that the neem pulp is very rich in total sugars (74% for Makabaye and 73% for Baoliwol) and that they can be converted into the bioethanol by alcoholic fermentation. The unadjusted wort pH (pH = 5.4) resulted in a maximum bioethanol production of 5.1 mL / 100g DM in 05 days of fermentation compared to other fermentation tests (pH = 4.3, 4.5 and 4.7). Also, the distillation of the fermented concoction allowed to obtain bioethanol with an alcohol content of 85% (v / v). This study has shown that neem fruit pulp could used as an organic material rich in sugars, to the intensive production of bioethanol.