The practice of genital mutilation on women does not completely capture the real image of the extent of its harmfulness to women heath. This paper therefore seeks to examine the effects of genital mutilation on womenâ€™s health in Ado Local Government Area of Benue State. The study is conducted within three (3) selected council wards using a population sampled of 200 of which Questionnaires were used to obtained information such as demographic characteristics of the people and the contributory factors of female genital mutilation in the area. Focus Group Discussion and interview was also used with traditional rulers, village head, clan head and women. Findings show that female genital multination has a lot of negative effect on reproductive health problems on women in Ado LGA of Benue State. The data collected also shows that there was a negative pattern of women's attitude to younger generation towards female genital mutilation in the area. However, it believed that a cultural practice and tradition was a major factors militating against the repulsion to genital mutilation practices in the area, it is a perquisite to marriage and childbirth in the area. Therefore, the government must use anti-female genital mutilation laws if this practice must be abolished in the area.
The aim of this paper is to discuss the difficulties that the university of Ilorin library encountered in its digitization project and how these difficulties were handled to ensure a robust to digitization outfit. The idea is to alert Nigerian libraries which are yet to embark on digitization on some of the problems or challenges that they are likely to encounter in planning and implementing a digitization project. Admittedly, some of the problems may be unique to university of Ilorin library but it can be said with a fair degree of accuracy that some of Â the problems the university of Ilorin library encountered are general at the planning and the implementation stages. In this paper, the conception, the planning and the implementation stages of the project will be discussed. Problems will be highlighted and suggestions will be made for an effective and efficient digital service delivery.Â
Study aims to determine the role of training excellent service based on local wisdom. Quasi-experimental with randomized control group pretest-posttest design study conducted divided into: group training intervention: 1) excellent service (KE1 n = 7), 2) excellent service based on local wisdom (KE2 n = 11), and without training intervention: control group (KK n = 10). One way ANOVA showed differences in the performance pretest-posttest (F = 4.617; p = 0.020). Post Hoc analysis showed the group with interventions based on local wisdom is the most influential (p = 0.000). Training excellent service based on local wisdom is more appropriate.
The purpose of this study was to test the role of social support in the structural model of National Test Anxiety in High School Students in Jakarta Academic Year 2011/2012, through the analysis of the correlation between Social Support, Trait Anxiety, Primary Appraisal, National Test Anxiety and Coping Strategies using structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis. The sample in this research were 387 students came from 91 high schools represent the five regions of Jakarta which captured by using a two-stage cluster sampling technique. Instrument validation using confirmatory factor analysis, the results of construct reliability measure for the State Trait Anxiety Inventory = 0.9936, Test Anxiety Inventory = 0.9940, Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale = 0.9973, WAYS of Coping Checklist = 0.9775, and Primary Appraisal Questionnaire = 0.8615. The results showed that the social support contribute significantly to the structural model of National Test Anxiety On High School Students with characteristics; the average trait anxiety, primary appraisal of harm, average anxiety test, and emotional coping strategy or coping avoidance, indicated by the structural model suitability of the relationship between Social Support, Anxiety Traits, Primary appraisal Harm, National Test Facing Anxiety, and Emotions Coping Strategy (Chi-square = 73.01, df = 61, p-value = 0.13956, RMSEA = 0.023), and the structural model suitability of the relationship between Social Support, Anxiety Traits and Primary appraisal of harm with the National Test Anxiety and Avoidance Coping Strategies are fit (Chi-square = 51.91, df = 61, p-value = 0.79014, RMSEA = 0.000).Â
This study examines the strategies used by history teachers in catering for studentsâ€™ diversity in Senior High Schools in the Cape Coast Metropolis. Descriptive survey research design was used for the study. In all, hundred and nineteen history students from three schools formed the sample size for the study. The instruments used to collect data were questionnaire. In addition, percentage and frequency were used in analyzing the data collected. The findings of the study revealed that teachers used various methods of teaching mostly discussion, question and answer, brainstorming, discovery, field trip and lecture method in catering for studentsâ€™ diversity. Again, both intrinsic and extrinsic motivational techniques were identified as been used in catering diversity. Also, traditional, authentic, performance and alternative assessments were discovered as the assessment forms used in catering studentsâ€™ diversity.Â In addition, resources such as the history textbooks and syllabus with a slight use of visual materials were found to be used as resources in catering for diverse students. It was recommended that history teachers should continuously adopt different strategies in order to cater for the diversities that exist in the history classroom.
The article is devoted to the problem of co-useÂ of video games by children and their parents. The object of our investigation are fatherâ€™s strategies of mediation ofÂ children video gamingÂ within culture-historical approach and activity theory ( L.S. Vygotsky, A.N. Leontiev, P.Ya. Galperin). Despite some authors regard fathers as main protagonists of media use among family members,Â their role inÂ co-useÂ of video gamesÂ still requires more through exploration.Â We assumed that family structure and relative position of father in it affect the strategies of mediation of childrenâ€™s video gaming activities. 30 father-childÂ dyads were chosen for in-depth interviewing.Â To evaluate fatherâ€™s position within family structure we developed and used a graphic methodÂ Â â€œFamily Modelâ€ (Makhovskaya, 2010). Collected data allowed to map out three groups of fathers and correspondingÂ strategies of mediation of video gaming.Â
Birth, marriage and death are the standard trio of key events in most peopleâ€™s lives. But only one marriage is a matter of choice. The right to exercise that choice was recognized as a principle of law even in Roman times and has long been established in international human rights instruments. Yet in Nigeria, many girls, enter marriage without any chance of exercising their right or consent to choose. Some are forced into marriage at a very early age. Others are simply too young to make an informed decision about their marriage partner or about the implications of marriage itself. They may have given what passes for â€˜consentâ€™ in the eyes of custom or the law, but in reality, consent to their binding union has been made by others on their behalf. The assumption is that once a girl is married, she has become a woman even if she is only 12.Â While the age of marriage is generally on the rise, early marriage of girl below the age of 18 is still widely practiced in Nigeria. While early marriage takes many different forms and has various causes, one issue is paramount. Early marriage is a violation of human rights. The right to free and full consent to a marriage is recognized in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and in many subsequent human rights instruments and consent that cannot be â€˜free and fullâ€™ when at least one partner is very immature. For girls, the paper revealed that early marriage has profound physical, intellectual, psychological and emotional impacts, cutting off educational opportunity and chances of personal growth. For girls, in addition, it will almost certainly mean premature pregnancy and childbearing, and is likely to lead to a lifetime of domestic and sexual subservience over which they have no control. Yet many societies, primarily in northern Nigeria, continue to support the idea that girls should marry at or soon after puberty. Parents and heads of families make marital choices for daughters and sons with little regard for the personal implications. Rather, they look upon marriage as a family building strategy, an economic arrangement or a way to protect girls from unwelcome sexual advances. Therefore, the paper recommended that the formation of partnerships is a strategy that should be employed so that it will increases the chances of success in addressing this problem. To end the practice of early marriage, resources must be mobilised at all levels, within a coordinated and cooperative structure. All actors have a role to play families, communities, health providers, education services, religious leaders, local and national government, and international organizations. NGOs can provide valuable lessons from the field, and offer a means of establishing new initiatives.Â
Crime is a varied human activity that is intended to suit the needs of others. It is related to production, and consequently to the costs, market and efficient allocation of resources. Thus, it is an economic activity and may be subject to scientific analysis. This type of activity is harmful to society, which is made up of a collection of human beings and human groups. Therefore, it is penalized by the state, something that decisively impacts the allotment of resources of the criminal activity.
It falls within the areas of microeconomics and macroeconomics, with the subject, the company, the monetary base and supply and interest rate all intervening in it. This analysis requires a neoclassical approach.
The term artisanship and the resulting craft is steeped in history and is the operational contribution of manual human activity to the development of the first formations of society starting from the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia at the mouth of the Tigris and Euphrates.Â One of the first celebrations of artisanship, as Richard Sennett wrote in "The Craftsman", appeared in the Homeric Hymns, particularlythe Hymn to Hephaestus, the patron god of artisans: "Sing, clear-voiced Muse, of Hephaestus famed for inventions.... he taught men glorious crafts throughout the world, men who before used to dwell in caves (here in essence "Plato'scave") â€¦. but now that they have learned crafts".