Complexity in construction projects and how to address it has been the subject of many recent studies. The nature of complexity, its social dimension and the current tools for managing it have been studied using a study case. The results show that, because of the large number of people involved in construction projects, a formal risk management system is not enough to achieve success. Social complexity should also be taken into account. The possible solutions for proper management of social complexity would include trust among all the parties, fluent relationships and communication.
At present, there has been a growing interest in improving the quality of working life between businessmen, administrators, the government and the employees themselves.
The objective of the research was to determine the validation of an instrument that measures the perception of quality of work life through multivariate analysis. The instrument had 70 items that identified the workers' appreciation with respect to 15 dimensions, through the Likert-type scale, 82 surveys were randomly applied in different organizations during the year 2017.
The results of the validation indicate that: The global reliability of Conbrach's alpha was 0.952; The Pearson Correlation established that the strongest correlation was participation and extrinsic motivation, job satisfaction and remuneration, morality and extrinsic motivation and the dimensions with less correlation, direction and remuneration, direction and health, remuneration and health, communication and security, communication and health motivation with equity and remuneration, intrinsic motivation and health.
The total variance explained is expressed in two factors: safety and conditions of work rotated and occupational health; in relation to the analysis of main components, a new variable was identified and it was called the Quality of Work Life Index.
As for the communalities, it is verified that job satisfaction and remuneration explain the greater proportion of the variance. And the rotated components show that there are 3 dimensions that converge remuneration, job satisfaction and extrinsic motivation.
It is concluded that based on the multivariate analysis the instrument is valid to be used in other research, both in private, public and educational organizations.
Cooperative societies are basically formed for the socio-economic wellbeing of their members. These members are instrumental in starting or keeping the cooperative business going and attain their goals only by working together. Cooperative societies provide various value added services for the benefit of the members like Seminars, workshops, Timely information etc. This study is mainly focused on the value added services offered by the rubber marketing cooperative societies and its influence on small rubber grower participation. The study was conducted among the members of the rubber marketing societies in the Kerala region. The respondents were 492 cooperative enterprise members. Study finding will provide additional insights in to how the cooperative marketing societies should improve their services. The results showed that the memberâ€™s participation and value added serviceshas got an subsequent relationship in the rubber marketing societies.