Background: Burns are one of the most common forms of trauma in children.Providing adequate care for burnt children properly is the most important contribution to the successful management. Aim: This study aimed to describe the current nursing practice provided for managing children with burn injuries and to identify the most common causes of burn injuries among children. Subject and method: A descriptive exploratory research design was utilized in the study. The study was carried out in burn unit at Plastic, Reconstructive and Burn Surgery Center and Mansoura International Hospital at Mansoura city on a convenient sample of 56 nurses and 100 pediatric patients. Tools: Data were collected by using three tools. Tool 1: Current nursing practices for managing children with burn injury structure questionnaire sheet. Tool II: Burn care observation checklist and Tool III: clinical data sheet for children with burn injury. Results: the majority of studied nurses never attend any previous training program. The most common cause of burn was boiling water, more than three quarter of studied nurses had poor knowledge, two fifth of them had competent practice about wound dressing. Conclusion: the present study indicated that, the nurses' knowledge regarding burn was poor and were incompetent in the care practice regarding burn injuries. Recommendations: There is a need for burn training program that should be provided to nurses in order to improve their knowledge and practices regarding burn management.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects many people globally. Normally when you eat, the food is broken down, yielding different nutrients including glucose, commonly known as sugar. The body stores some of the glucose in the liver, but majority of it enters the bloodstream to reach the bodyâ€™s cells which use the glucose as energy to carry out their specific functions. Insulin, a hormone made in the organ, pancreas is needed to help the glucose reach most cells of the body, fueling them to perform their specific functions. Diabetes manifest when blood glucose is too high. With type 2 diabetes, there is a problem with the glucose entering the bodyâ€™s cells to fuel them, while majority accumulates in the blood. Over time without effective management, high blood glucose could cause health issues including damage to the eyes, heart, kidneys, and feet.Minority populations such as African Americans, especially men have borne more burden of Type 2 diabetes when compared to their Caucasian counterparts. Limited research has been conducted to explore this condition with regard to African immigrants, who make up approximately 4% of the African American population.
This paper presents the summary of key findings and recommendations for further research froma previousstudy, Lived Experiences of African Immigrant Males Ages 25-75 who have Type 2 Diabetes (Uzochukwu, 2014).
Cerebral palsy is a group of permanent disorders of movement and posture results from brain damage originating early in life and causes activity limitation, sensory, cognitive, communicative and behavioral problems in children. Nurses have an important role in providing support and ongoing education to the children with cerebral palsy and their parents especially the mothers who are the primary caregivers for their children and also, provide them with adequate knowledge and training about the skills of daily living according to their childrenâ€™s functional level. Aim: Evaluate the effect of an educational intervention for improving mothersâ€™ care for their children with cerebral palsy. Method: A quasi- experimental design was used to conduct this study, including 65 mothers having children with cerebral palsy. The tools of data collection were a structured questionnaire sheet and observation checklists. Results: The results of this study clarified that, the majority of the studied mothers had unsatisfactory knowledge before the teaching program while, all of them had satisfactory knowledge about cerebral palsy and care of associated problems in their children after 6 months of the educational program. Also, more than half of the studied mothers had unsatisfactory reported practices before the educational program while, more than two thirds had satisfactory reported practices regarding daily care of their children with cerebral palsy after 6 months of the educational program. In addition, half of the studied mothers had a satisfactory observed practices before the teaching program while, the majority of them had satisfactory observed practices post 6 months of the educational program. There was a statistical significant difference between the total knowledge score and the total practices score of the studied mothers regarding care of children with cerebral palsy. Conclusion: based on the results of the present study and research hypothesis, it is concluded that, the educational program was an effective in improving mothers care for their children with cerebral palsy. Recommendations:Continuous educational programs should be provided for all mothers of children with cerebral palsy about the disease and daily care of their children in all health care settings by qualified and trained nurses.
Cancer is a generic term used to describe a disorder in cellular growth and refers to a range of diseases and not to a single entity. Because cancer is a cellular disease, it can arise from any body tissue, with manifestations that result from failure to control the proliferation and maturation of cells. An oncology nurse provides care for cancer patients and patients at risk. They monitor physical conditions, prescribe drugs, administer chemotherapy and other treatments. Current trends in oncology emerging areas of health care, such as informatics, have been identified as well as opportunities for nursing professionals to be at the forefront of transforming cancer care. Some basics of advanced nursing practice, including cancer screening, prevention, early detection, genetic risk, cancer diagnosis and progression, and all the way to cancer survival. Nurses have a wide range of responsibilities to deal with a cancer patient. Nursing care includes assessment, support for treatments (eg, chemotherapy, radiation, etc.), pain control, nutrition enhancement, and emotional support. The aim of this review is to discuss the nursing and 7 key cancer trend which includes: less chemotherapy, more prescriptions of novel anti-cancer agents, concern over cancer drug costs, focus on diagnostics, quality and payment for genetic cancer tests, tumor-agnostic prescribing of cancer medications, patient-reported outcomes, and artificial intelligence.
Background: Conflict management is an essential skill for an effective nurse leader. As the inappropriate use of conflict resolution skills leads to degeneration of communication and poor working relationships particularly between nurse leader and their staff nurses. Aim: The present study aimed to determine the effect of conflict-management enhancing strategy for head nurses on the quality of vertical dyad linkage with nurses. Material and methods: Pre-experimental research design (one-group pretest-posttest) was used on 31 head nurses and 203 staff nurses working in Port Said Hospitals. Tools of data collection: Three tools were used; A Self-Administered Conflict Knowledge Questionnaire, Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument and Vertical Dyad Linkage Scale. Results: Revealed a statistically significant improvement in head nurses' knowledge regarding conflict and its management strategies after strategy implementation. Conclusion: There was a statistical improvement related to the quality of vertical dyad linkage among head nurses and their staff after implementation. So, the findings pointed to enhance head nurses' abilities related to conflict management through educational programs. Also, further researches are suggested in this area.
Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic disease defined as the ascent of the gastric content that causes symptoms or structural damage of the esophageal mucosa. In GERD, lifestyle modification plays a key role in prevention or treatment and appropriate modification is recommended as the first step in therapeutic system. Aim was to evaluate the effect of lifestyle modification sessions on knowledge, self- management and physical symptoms of patient with Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease. Research design a quasi -experimental design was used. Setting was conducted in medical outpatient clinics of governmental hospital located in Port-Said City; Egypt. Sample A purpose sample consists of (64) adult new patients Random al location technique used to divide the sample into control (32) and study group (32). Tools: four tools were used for data collection1) Patientâ€™s interview questionnaire; 2) The Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire; 3) The Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire: it adopted questionnaire and 4) lifestyle guidelines success indicators Sheet. Results: revealed that there was statistical significant improvement of knowledge, self- management and physical symptoms among study group who received life style modification sessions than in control group. Conclusion & recommendation: The results of the study showed the effectiveness of the lifestyle modification sessions in improving the self-management of GERD patients and the physical symptoms of the disease through improved patient knowledge of the disease according to their needs. Therefor the study recommend the guidelines addressed as part of the medical management approach.