Journal of Business Management and Economics http://innovativejournal.in/index.php/jbme en-US Journal of Business Management and Economics 2347-5471 Exploratory Factor Analysis Forthe Smes’ Exporting Activitiesin Southern Area of Vietnam http://innovativejournal.in/index.php/jbme/article/view/1617 Vietnam has been joined into Word Trade Organization since 2007 and therefore the country needs to take into account a lot of international trading framework but it also brings higher opportunities to explore other markets. Since Vietnamese Small and Medium enterprises (SMEs)are leading industry in term of exports, SMEs have to focus on strengthening their knowledge in term of trading performances. However, there are not so many studies that have been conducted to investigate how export activity responding to its antecedents in Vietnam. Thisstudy showed that there were 200managers of SMEsrelated toSouthern Area of Vietnam whointerviewed and answered about 21 questions but 188managers of SMEs processed. Data collected from 8/2016 to 11/2017forthe managers of SMEs of Southern Area of Vietnam. The paper had been analyzed KMO test, Cronbach's Alpha and the result of KMO analysis which used for multiple regression analysis. Managers of SMEs’ responses measured through an adapted questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale (Conventions: 1: Completely disagree, 2: Disagree, 3: Normal; 4: Agree; 5: completely agree). Hard copy and online questionnaire distributed among 10.000the SMEs of Southern Area of Vietnam. In addition,the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) results showed that there were fivefactorsaffecting the SMEs’ exporting activities of Southern Area of Vietnamwith significance level 5 percent. The research results processed from SPSS 20.0 software. Phan Thanh Tam B.ANguyen Thi Bich Thuy ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-04 2017-12-04 01 07 10.15520/jbme.2017.vol5.iss12.275.pp01-07 A New Transparent Way to Perform Competition, Market Structure and IPR Portfolio Analyses: Analysis of the Dynamics of Trademark Competition in Finland as a Case Example http://innovativejournal.in/index.php/jbme/article/view/1618 The paper presents a new way to perform IPR portfolio analyses (trademark and patent analyses) and other market structure analyses. Trademark and patents analyses become more significant for the development of companies, especially in current conditions of technological disruption. We will reflect (1) current STI management and foresight, (2) most important IT technology trends for year 2017 and (3) the most evaluated technologies in the Gartner HC evaluations. Trademark analyses and especially novel LKI analysis can contribute to capturing relevant aspects of market and technology disruptions. Our demonstration is focused on trade marking and trademark registrations in Finland. The LKI analysis is scientifically as generic as Herfindahl-Hirchman Index (HHI) has been during its long history of indicator research. LKI approach makes us free from the scaling problems of conventional HHI. IPR portfolios with any size can now be analysed without potential statistical biases. We develop and introduce the HHI index and a new IPR and market analysis index: LKI (Lauraeus-Kaivo-oja Index). The evaluation results of the HHI analysis and the LKI analysis are compared. With the LKI, we are able to compare better the substance of Intellectual Property Right (IPR) portfolios and market structures. Furthermore, we show, why percentage numbers are easier to comprehend than HHI index points. Theresa Lauraéus Jari Kaivo-oja ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 08 23 10.15520/jbme.2017.vol5.iss12.276.pp08-23 Firm and Borrower Characteristics for Performance of Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs): Evidence from Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs) in Uganda http://innovativejournal.in/index.php/jbme/article/view/1620 Most SMEs lack collateral security which is required by commercial banks to access credit and as a result, they end up borrowing from MFIs. The study aimed to identify to what extent firm and borrower characteristics influence business performance of Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs), with evidence from MFIs in Uganda. Ex-facto design was used, where 174 MSEs were included in the sample which was drawn randomly from the lists of borrowers collected from MFIs in the districts of Soroti and Kumi in Eastern Uganda. Using a self-administrated questionnaire the data was collected from owners of MSEs with 100% response rate. Data was analyzed using the (SPSS), and a number of statistical techniques through descriptive statistics, arithmetic means, standard deviations and percentages. Correlation analysis was used to test the hypothesis, while regression analysis was use to assess the influence of the predictors on the outcome. The study found that there was a significant positive relation between borrower’s characteristics and performance, and similarly, there existed a significant positive relationship between business characteristics and performance. The study concluded that for Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs) to realize reasonable profits, great efforts need to be channeled towards efficient and effective consideration of loan terms, borrower’s characteristics and business characteristics. Wilfred Kokas Aupal Thamara Gunasekare ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 24 27 10.15520/jbme.2017.vol5.iss12.277.pp24-27