Environmental Conservation And Sustainable Development

Main Article Content

Published Mar 20, 2018


A people’s environment depicts to a great extent, who the people are, as well as whatever may be obtained among such people. For example, the majority of the people in the Baltic Sea Region live in small and medium sized cities   or rural areas, and as such there is a strong urbanization trend found among them. This in no small measure makes sustainability of some basic natural products an important challenge for them. To survive in such areas, the search  for environmental conservation and sustainable development becomes inevitable. However, this has to start from what we may consider as an inward-personal environmental arrangement. By this, we mean a situation where we must individually work towards accepting our environment as it is and work seriously towards improving that aspect of the environment which pushes us into striving for better environmental conditions, thus this mad rush for urbanization or greener pasture. In this way we can be assured that sustainable development will be eminent. There is no doubt that with personal effort those attractions of the urban areas could be made present within our immediate environment thereby reducing drastically this continuous rush to urban areas. As such, the reverse will be the case or better still, the level of urban-rural interaction will increase. If we look at urban–rural interaction from a quality of life perspective, by integrating not only the aspects of wealth and employment, but also environment and social belonging, we can raise the overall living standard for both city-dwellers and inhabitants of the countryside, at the same time as enhancing sustainable development. By so doing, we work on improved urban-rural linkages in pilot initiatives that give us the tools to meet the challenges of increased urbanization and improve the quality of life in the rural areas. I am quite optimistic that if we work for sustainable resource management, developing better practices in agriculture and forest management, strategies for truly sustainable tourism will foster smarter use of natural, cultural heritage and landscapes, thereby allowing profitable business and preserving our treasures for the future generations. The aim of this paper is to philosophical look into our environment to see how best to conserve it for this all important sustainable development without the need for urban migration but rather increase rural-urban interaction.

Article Details


1. Njoku F. C, in corruption the bane of nigeria’s development. Bright P &Publisher.
2. Cunningham WP and Mary. Ann c environmental science, inquiry and applicationspub mc craw hill.
3. Cunningham WP. Mary Ann C.
4. Cunningham WP and Mary. Ann. C ; 20.
5. O’Neill,J., The Varieties of Intrinsic Value, Monist 75: and Jamieson, D., Morality’s Progress: Essays on Humans, Other Animals, and the Rest of, volume 2002. Nature,( Oxford: Clarendon Press.
6. Aristotle and Politics. Trans by.
7. Kant I. “Duties to Animals and Spirit”, in Louis Infield trans. New York: Harper and Row Publications1963.
8. Passmore J. Man’s responsibility for nature. In Books R, Norton B, Hutchins M et al. (eds.) 1995, Ethics on the Ark. London: Duckworth Press.
9. Norton. B.,Toward Unity among Environmentalists. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
10. Sindina HJ. Religious and Political Ethics in African: A Moral Inquiry. London: Greenwood Press, 1998.


11. Nwanaju I. “religious bigotry or development in africa? What to learn from. Amartya sen)”. The Nigeria Journal of Theology 2004; 18: 102.
12. Næss. and 1989; also see witoszek, 1973.
13. Rousseau JJ. 1782. Reveries of the Solitary Walker, trans. France: Penguin Books, 1979.
14. Devall and Sessions. 1985; also see sessions, 1995. 18.
15. Ibid
16. Anker. for cautions on interpreting næss’s relationalism as an endorsement, 1999 of the kind of holism displayed in the land ethic, cf. Grey, 1993.
17. Witoszek, 1997.
18. Brennan. c.f. Light, 1999.
19. 1984 F. and Devall and Sessions 1985; cf. Callicott, 1990.
20. Plumwood. and Warren, 1993.
21. Bookchin. and. Brennan, 1987.
22. Bookchin. and. Brennan, 1987. 27. 36-7 and 41.
23. Witoszek and Brennan (eds.) 1999, Ch. 36-7 and 41
24. Anker and Witoszek, 1998.
25. Sen A. Development as Freedom, volume 1999. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
26. Dreze J, Sen A and Hunger. and Public. Action (Oxford: Claredon Press, 1989.
27. Sen A. Development as Freedom,.4.
28. Sen A. On Ethics and Economics. Oxford: Black Well Ltd, 1987. 26 – 27.
29. John P and Mater. et magistra, encyclical letter of, 1961.
30. Uzukwu EE. A Listening Church (Autonomy) and Communion in African Churches. New York: Orbis Books, 1996.
31. Adefulu RA. “developmental nationalism in african’s political thought” in. Journal of Philosophy and Development 1997; 3(1): 27–28.
32. Ajayi JA. Development is about People, volume 1. Ibadan: (Hope: Publications, 1999.
33. Truman H. “Inauguration Address of January 20 1949 to the American People in Viewpoint: A critical Review.
34. Truman H. Inauguration address, 1949.
35. Truman H. Inauguration address, 1949.
36. Ibanga I. The Culture of Development and Development of Culture. Ibadan, 1999.
37. Ibanga I. The culture of development and development of culture henry megurk’s concept of. Development ; 2.
38. Ibanga I. The Culture of Development and. 43. 1988.
39. Mark Sagoff (1988),
40. Shrader-Frechette. and Brennan, 1987.
41. Korten, 1999.
42. Norton H and Stevens M. Diesendorf and. In Gruen and Jamieson (eds.) Schmidtz and Willott. Hamilton.
43. Hayward and O’Neill. and Dobson, 1997.