A peopleâ€™s environment depicts to a great extent, who the people are, as well as whatever may be obtained among such people. For example, the majority of the people in the Baltic Sea Region live in small and medium sized cities or rural areas, and as such there is a strong urbanization trend found among them. This in no small measure makes sustainability of some basic natural products an important challenge for them. To survive in such areas, the search for environmental conservation and sustainable development becomes inevitable. However, this has to start from what we may consider as an inward-personal environmental arrangement. By this, we mean a situation where we must individually work towards accepting our environment as it is and work seriously towards improving that aspect of the environment which pushes us into striving for better environmental conditions, thus this mad rush for urbanization or greener pasture. In this way we can be assured that sustainable development will be eminent. There is no doubt that with personal effort those attractions of the urban areas could be made present within our immediate environment thereby reducing drastically this continuous rush to urban areas. As such, the reverse will be the case or better still, the level of urban-rural interaction will increase. If we look at urbanâ€“rural interaction from a quality of life perspective, by integrating not only the aspects of wealth and employment, but also environment and social belonging, we can raise the overall living standard for both city-dwellers and inhabitants of the countryside, at the same time as enhancing sustainable development. By so doing, we work on improved urban-rural linkages in pilot initiatives that give us the tools to meet the challenges of increased urbanization and improve the quality of life in the rural areas. I am quite optimistic that if we work for sustainable resource management, developing better practices in agriculture and forest management, strategies for truly sustainable tourism will foster smarter use of natural, cultural heritage and landscapes, thereby allowing profitable business and preserving our treasures for the future generations. The aim of this paper is to philosophical look into our environment to see how best to conserve it for this all important sustainable development without the need for urban migration but rather increase rural-urban interaction.
Public Policy making is central to achieving governmental goals but the process of making and implementing it, is characterized by a lot of short comings in Nigeria. The process of making and implementing policy is essentially the work of government and its agencies. In principle, civil society organizations may have roles to play in policy making process but in practice, they are very far from the domain of the process. A number ways of interpreting the concept of policy were discussed as well as policy making in Nigeria, where principle of federal supremacy exists. Historically and structural arrangement apart from the human factor are important in achieving desired goals. The paper found that there is a missing link between the few elite and masses who are majority. Also, within the elite itself, differences exist leading to policy miscarriages most of the time and the consequence is untold hardships are imposed on the masses. The way out among others, are wider consultation, strong synergy among intergovernmental agencies is very much desired and the principle of policy continuity is necessary.
There has been a rampant threat to lives and properties as a result of the activities of Fulani herdsmen. There isno week that passes by without the news of an area or village that experience the pang of the herdsmenâ€™s attack. Families have been dispersed and towns sacked. So many measures have been employed and new measures arebeing employed to rest the activities of these herdsmen but all efforts prove abortive. It is on the account of this that thisres earch is been carried out to know how this malaise could be laid to rest by introducing philosophical anthropologywhich will go a long way in teaching them what life is all about, how important life is and why it should not be wasted atwill nor be traded with some other thing. To enable them know that life is the supreme value and can only be preserved with other things and not the other way round. That life is an end in itself and not a means to an end. In carrying this research histo-analytical method will be used as the tool for driving our point home.
This study investigated the relationship between workplace ethics and employee commitment in oil servicing firms in Nigeria. Workplace ethics was the study predictor variable which was operationalized into three dimensions namely: trustworthiness, integrity and civility. The criterion variable was employee commitment with measures as affective and continuance commitments. We adopted the cross sectional design technique and data collected was further analyzed using the spearmanâ€™s ranked order correlation coefficient. The population of the study was made up of all the oil servicing companies in Port Harcourt and the population size was 342 employees of 4 selected Oil servicing firms. The sample size of 184 was derived. A total of 160 questionnaire were retrieved out of which 150 valid questionnaire were used for the analysis, representing 82 percent. The results indicated that a significant association exists between civility, trustworthiness, integrity and measures of employee commitment, and that culture moderated the influence of workplace ethics and employeesâ€™ commitment. Based on the study findings, it was concluded that trustworthiness, integrity and civility have significant effect on employeesâ€™ commitment to the organization. It was recommended that managers in Oil servicing firms should instill ethical values in the workplace in order to stimulate employee commitment. Finally, contribution to knowledge was proffered and suggestions for further studies to investigate how workplace ethics relate with employee satisfaction and turnover rate recommended.
This work strive to empirically test the correlation between organizational reward system as it relate to salary, promotion, fridge benefit and incentives on employee satisfaction of insurance companies in Port Harcourt Nigeria. The accessible population was 223 employees of ten (10) firms which was selected through systematic sampling techniques from the insurance industry in Rivers state. The study adopted the cross section research design. The Taro Yameneâ€™s formula was applied to determine the sample size; aggregate of 147 employees was derived. Using the Spearman Rank Order Correlation Coefficient, we discovered that significant-relationship exists between organizational reward system and employee satisfaction. From the findings, it was recommended that Management of insurance firms should ensure that their salaries are encouraging in comparison with what is obtainable in the industry so as to achieve employee satisfaction. Thereafter, contribution to knowledge and suggestion for further study was provided.