Knowledge and Preventive Practice of Occupational Health Hazards among Nurses in different Teaching Hospitals

Abstract

Introduction/ Objective: Occupational health hazards are recognized as global problems for health care workers and especially among the nurses as they are often the first health care provider. It is increasing day by day due to change in science and technology and is quiet high in developing countries. This aim of the study was to find the knowledge and preventive practice of occupational health hazards among the nurses. Methods: A descriptive, cross sectional study was carried out among 339 nurses working in three different teaching hospitals of the Kathmandu from February 28, 2016 to March 28, 2016 using multistage random sampling technique. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. Results: The study findings revealed that the mean knowledge score was 26.7±7.3. The level of knowledge of occupational health hazards among the nurses was 68.1% (adequate knowledge). The knowledge was statistically significant with education (OR = 3.47, CI: 2.15-5.59 and p value 0.00). The mean practice score was 7.6 ±3.1.The level of preventive practice on occupational hazards was 25.4% (poor practice). The practice was statistically significant with age (OR=2.01, CI = 1.21-3.35 and p = 0.006); designation (OR= 3.08, CI= 1.42-6.69 and p = 0.003); work experience (OR=1.87, CI= 1.13-3.07 and p = 0.01); previous in-service education/ training (OR=2.25; CI= 1.02-4.92 and p = 0.03). Conclusion: Overwhelmingly, nurses had adequate knowledge but poor preventive practice indicating higher risk of occupational hazards hence training and in-service education, adequate provision of personal protective equipments and establishment of effective occupational health program for nurses are needed to encourage them adhere to good preventive practice.

Abstract

Introduction/ Objective: Occupational health hazards are recognized as global problems for health care workers and especially among the nurses as they are often the first health care provider. It is increasing day by day due to change in science and technology and is quiet high in developing countries. This aim of the study was to find the knowledge and preventive practice of occupational health hazards among the nurses. Methods: A descriptive, cross sectional study was carried out among 339 nurses working in three different teaching hospitals of the Kathmandu from February 28, 2016 to March 28, 2016 using multistage random sampling technique. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. Results: The study findings revealed that the mean knowledge score was 26.7±7.3. The level of knowledge of occupational health hazards among the nurses was 68.1% (adequate knowledge). The knowledge was statistically significant with education (OR = 3.47, CI: 2.15-5.59 and p value 0.00). The mean practice score was 7.6 ±3.1.The level of preventive practice on occupational hazards was 25.4% (poor practice). The practice was statistically significant with age (OR=2.01, CI = 1.21-3.35 and p = 0.006); designation (OR= 3.08, CI= 1.42-6.69 and p = 0.003); work experience (OR=1.87, CI= 1.13-3.07 and p = 0.01); previous in-service education/ training (OR=2.25; CI= 1.02-4.92 and p = 0.03). Conclusion: Overwhelmingly, nurses had adequate knowledge but poor preventive practice indicating higher risk of occupational hazards hence training and in-service education, adequate provision of personal protective equipments and establishment of effective occupational health program for nurses are needed to encourage them adhere to good preventive practice.

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1.
Karki S KSSM. Knowledge and Preventive Practice of Occupational Health Hazards among Nurses in different Teaching Hospitals. ijmhs [Internet]. 20Dec.2018 [cited 19Jan.2019];8(12):225-34. Available from: http://innovativejournal.in/index.php/ijmhs/article/view/2378
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How to Cite
1.
Karki S KSSM. Knowledge and Preventive Practice of Occupational Health Hazards among Nurses in different Teaching Hospitals. ijmhs [Internet]. 20Dec.2018 [cited 19Jan.2019];8(12):225-34. Available from: http://innovativejournal.in/index.php/ijmhs/article/view/2378