Apathetic employees constitute one of four employee categories in Blau and Boalâ€™s (1999) model. Six sensitivity analyses were applied to create positive and negative changes in the measurement scores on job involvement and affective commitment of 553 employees to determine which variable produced the greatest Apathetic employee mobility. While changing both variables simultaneously created the greatest movement, on an individual basis, changing affective commitment produced greater Apathetic employee mobility than changing job involvement. The managerial implications of these findings are discussed.
The applications for which Internet is used has changed over the years. File transfer and e-mail are no longer the dominant applications of Internet. Multimedia streaming is one of the applications which is generating lot of revenues in Internet market. For these type of applications congestion has to be controlled. TCP has congestion control mechanisms but has lot of overhead associated with it making it not suitable for multimedia applications. UDP has no congestion control mechanisms and can lead to instability in the network. TCP Friendly Rate Control (TFRC) is a new protocol designed by Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It has congestion control mechanisms which enable it to be fair with TCP and prevents UDP from using its share of the bandwidth. In this paper performance of TFRC is compared with TCP and UDP in wired environment.
The devastating consequence of corrupt practices has influenced most researchers devoting more time assessing the extent of the government or the public sector corruption to the neglect of the micro-level causes. Most often the problem of corruption has been limited to the public office holders, neglecting the fundamental aspect of the phenomenon: the corruption among non-public officials; what is being referred to as the â€˜household-level corruptionâ€™.Â This study, contrary to the existing literature, attempts to find the linkage between corruption and poverty by carefully formulating an econometric model to explain the incentive for the deficit spending household units to indulge in corrupt practices, even sometimes against their wishes. Hypothesis being postulated here is that an aspect of corruption in the developing economies can be attributed to a missing or malfunctioning credit market which compels the household to engage in corrupt practices as a means to financing their deficits, in much the same way Â other economic agents (governments and business firms) do finance their budget deficit. Using generalised least square (GLS) method of estimation, the model conceptually hypothesized that an aspect of incentive to indulge in corruption among poverty-stricken households could be eliminated with a well functioning and more accessible credit market.
The study attempt to compare the elements in waste management and how it generates energy for beneficial use to Godâ€™s dealing with sinful human beings who may be considered as waste because of sin.
There are some people who consider themselves as hopeless before God because of their sins; others look down upon others because of their past sins.This study compares how waste is used to produce energy and recycled to produce new products to how God transforms anybody who makes himself or herself available for change. It compares the process engineer of waste to God being the Process Engineer so far as sinful human beings are concerned.
Â The study also portrays the love of God for man and His power to save and make the hopeless hopeful.
The internet has grown into a vast net of services, an indispensable work aid for hundreds of millions of users around the world. Since their introduction, social network sites (SNSs) such as MySpace, Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn have attracted millions of users, many of whom have integrated these sites into their daily practices. As of this writing, there are hundreds of SNSs, with various technological affordances, supporting a wide range of interests and practices. While their key technological features are fairly consistent, the cultures that emerge around SNSs are varied. Most sites support the maintenance of pre-existing social networks, but others help strangers connect based on shared interests, political views, or activities. Some sites cater to diverse audiences, while others attract people based on common language or shared racial, sexual, religious, or nationality-based identities. Sites also vary in the extent to which they incorporate new information and communication tools, such as mobile connectivity, blogging, and photo/video-sharing.
Maintaining or retaining employees is very important to every organization either public or the private sectors since employees affect the entire performance of any organization. This paper in general looks at improving retention strategies for IT professionals working in the public sector. Some critical factors relating to the cause of employee turnover are presented as working practices in the public sector and determine their extent to this menace. Further discussions on the positive effects of these current practices are presented. Inferences are then made and recommendations are proposed on improving strategies to prevent IT employee turnover in the public sector.