This study aimed to analyze public policies aimed at rural women, from the perspective of gender mainstreaming. We performed a bibliographic research with semi-structured interviews with women farmers who were part of public policies, such as the Food Acquisition Program (PAA), Brazil’s School Feeding Program (PNAE) and Brazil without Misery (BSM), in the municipality of Paula Cândido/MG, in the southeastern region of Brazil. Results showed that the gender perspective was contemplated in the analyzed public policies, since, in the perception of the women, there were no difficulties in accessing the programs, in addition to allowing the reconciliation of productive activities with domestic work. They consider that the participation in social movements and, mainly, the action of the extension workers of EMATER were facilitator elements of this process. Therefore, gender mainstreaming is associated with the human aspects of the programs, which direct land use and influence the marketing process, income generation and female independence. The major difficulties are excessive bureaucracy and irregularities in payments for the offered products. There is a limited perception about gender mainstreaming, requiring more integrated and sustainable actions, for equal social opportunities, in all policy decision-making processes.
This research aimed to know the application of Active Learning Activities in Students’ Speaking Ability. The result of this research can be as a reference to the students in improving their speaking ability and help lecturer to become creative in teaching and make the students engaged in learning English. This research used pre-experimental method. The population of the research was the second semester students of English Department Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of Universitas Bosowa Makassar in 2017/2018 academic year which consisted of one class. In conducting the research, the researcher used total sampling technique because there is only one class of the second semester students. The data collection was done by using speaking test (pre-test and posttest). The results of the research and discussion that obtained by the researcher at Universitas Bosowa Makassar that there is improvement of students’ speaking ability through Active Learning Activities. It can be concluded that the Active Learning Activities are effective to improve students’ speaking ability at the Second Semester of English Education Department Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of Universitas Bosowa Makassar.