Etude de la drépanocytose chez l’enfant au Centre Hospitalier Régional de Kenitra (Maroc): Impact sur le profil de la santé
Sickle cell syndromes pose real public health problems in many African countries also described in the populations of the Mediterranean basin. In Morocco, their frequency and their distribution are poorly known. The objectives of this study are; first, to highlight the epidemiological characteristics second, plot the current mapping of the disease in children under 15 years old of age. A retrospective study was carried out on 86 patients from 01 January to 31 December 2015 at the pediatric department at El Idrissi Regional Hospital Center in Kenitra. The mean age of patient was 7.8 ± 3.1 years; the male sex was the most dominant with 55.81% of patients studied. The SS form represented the majority of cases with 79.07%. Sickle cell anemia remains a reality in our country and not perfectly understood yet by health professionals. A screening policy and a sustainable management program can prevent hemoglobinopathies in our region. An action plan must be implemented at national level to improve the quality of management of main sickle cell syndromes.
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