Introduction: This cross-sectional study was performed to investigate nutrition literacy of adults living in the city center of Sivas and the relationship between nutrition literacy and quality of life.
Material and Methods: The study sample consisted of 384 people. Of the people residing in the houses located in 63 neighborhoods in the city center, those who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study. The houses were selected using the simple random sampling method. The participation rate was 95.5%. Data were collected with the Personal Information Form, Evaluation Instrument of Nutrition Literacy on Adults (EINLA), and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF-TR). To analyze the data, in addition to descriptive statistical methods (number, percentages, means etc.), Chi-square, Pearson correlation analysis, the test for the significance of the difference between two means, one-way analysis of variance and Kruskal Wallis test were used. The error rate was p <0.05.
Results: Nutrition literacy levels of 79.8% of the participants were determined to be adequate. However, when the sub-scales were analyzed, it was determined that 33.5% of the participantsâ€™ knowledge on general nutrition was inadequate, 20.2% had difficulty understanding and interpreting what they read, 12.8% were not knowledgeable enough about food groups, 88.2% lacked knowledge about the daily serving sizes and 90.3% lacked knowledge on numerical literacy or reading food labels. A significant correlation was determined between the mean nutrition literacy scores and variables such as gender, education and profession (p <0.05). A positive, significant but weak correlation was found between the mean nutrition literacy scores and the mean scores for the physical, psychological and social domains of quality of life (p <0.05).
Conclusion: In the city center of Sivas, nutrition literacy rate of the adult population was 79.8%. The mean scores the participants obtained specially from the daily serving sizes, food label reading and numerical literacy domains were inadequate. If they can obtain higher scores from those domains, this will enhance their quality of life in physical, psychological and social domains.
Keywords: Nutrition literacy, quality of life, adults
Background: Gestational Hypertension complicates up to approximately l0-15% of all the pregnancies and it is linked to high risk of reverse fetal, neonatal, and maternal consequences.
Aim: Evaluate the pregnancy outcomes among women with gestational hypertension and its relation to provided care. Study Design: Quantitative descriptive design Setting: King Abdulaziz University Hospital and Maternity and Children Hospital Sampling: The sample was a purposeful sample that includes the gestational hypertension, preeclampsia and eclampsia women, who fulfill the inclusion criteria and admitted to the mentioned setting during data collection time and agree to participate. Study period: From September 2013 till April 2014. Tools: 1- Assessment sheet 2- The pregnancy outcomes checklist.
Results: The maternal outcome in this study recorded no deaths, however; among the participating women 38.3% had serious complications. (58.3%) of women delivered by caesarian section, (35%) had preterm deliveries, (7.7%) had cardiovascular complications, (5%) had HELLP syndrome and (3.3%) had PPH. On the other hand, 66.7% of the neonates were complicated. 35% of the babies had premature birth, while one baby IUFD and one neonatal death
Conclusion: Both fetal and maternal complications were highest when nursing care was not achieved. However, study findings indicates that the provided care to the gestational hypertensive women was not totally in line with international guidelines of gestational hypertension management. Recommendation: Study clearly indicates the necessity to organize continuing nursing education and training workshop for all the nurses and innovate a clear protocol in dealing with gestational hypertension woman.